More of additives: literary terms

How to make your poetry between lines begins with yourself; applying some more of additives into your poem. Do you know why poets use these additives for? This post is all about literary terms and how or why poets use these terms.

The first term is Allegory. This is a narrative or description that has a second meaning beneath the surface story or description. It can also refer to an extended metaphor and sometimes a series of related symbols. In this, every poet has its own interest, thus the author major interest is in the ulterior meaning.

Secondly, poets also use Irony in their works. Usually, its definition implies some sort of discrepancy or incongruity: between what is said and what is meant or between expectation and reality. This term has meanings that extend beyond its use merely as a figure of speech. It shouldn’t be confused with sarcasm and satire for these, two terms tell or imply ridicule, one on the colloquial level, the other on the literary level, especially on verbal Irony.

The third term is paradox. Paradox is a literary term in the sense that it’s in an apparent contradiction that is nevertheless true. It may either be a situation or statement. Poets often use this term to strengthen the meaning and shape of the entire poem, and to put the reader between lines.

The next term is understatement. This is the act of setting forth in restrained terms. It’s more less like irony, distortion, or oversimplification, that is to say term of expression.

Another term to think about is overstatement. In most cases poets use this term for exaggerations in their works. It has the same meaning with amplification, ornamentation, embellishment or imperbole.

Finally, metonymy is the other term to think about. This is a term of expression, more less like a metaphor which is an implied comparison.

Poetry is a different art from others, it stands independently when it comes to conveying its meaning. We poets think very hard by apply those terms above for us to achieve our emotional dreams. Thus philosophy in our inner world to readers. Therefore be a poet to dance on, think of poetry at higher levels, be hard to be Identified by returning ourselves to ancient times. Let us leave a perfect legacy, under our tree shades.

Developing your Theme

In any literary work there must be a controlling idea: the theme of the literary work. The controlling idea of a poem is the idea that continuously developes through out the poem, by sets of key words that identify the poet‘s subject and his/her attitude or feeling about it.

It may also be suggested by the title of the poem or by segment of the poem. It is rarely stated explicitly by the poet, but it can be stated by the reader and it can be stated in different ways. The controlling idea is an idea, not moral; it is a major idea, not a minor supporting idea or detail; and it controls or dominates the poem as a whole.

As a poet, you need to learn how to create a central or general idea of your poem that you want to write. There are a great deal of ways of how to come up with the desired theme of the poem. Here are some of the suggestions:

a) Dip yourself into emotions as quickly as you can and write your ideas   immediately they come in your mind

b) Select structure, imagery, voice, language, rhyme and other poetic devices

c) Assemble all tools that are used in poetry

d) Choose the most important characterization of your poem

e) Organise all events i.e link your ideas nicely. Include the following: your attitude, nice view-point, reflections, aggressions, persuasive language, descriptive language, well-arranged words, techniques to create mood, mood change etc. Thus depending on the way you want to express your feelings.
Examples of themes are:

1) Animals: apocalypse, archaeology, art, beauty, birds, birth, blindness, boats, body, brutality, butterfly, camping, captivity etc

2) Death: deceit, deception, depression, disappointment, doubt, dreams, drink, eccentricity, empowerment, failure, exile, feelings etc.

3) Love:marriage, memory, mythology, paradise, people, motherhood, parents, philosophy, police, politics, nature etc

It’s very important to use literary devices to develop your theme of the poem. It only takes a poet to utilize conventions to develop theme of the poem

As already stated, there are considerable number of devices that a poet can use to develop a theme and the frequent used ones are symbolism, metaphor, rhyme and the soliloquy.

Note that movement is what facilitates the developement of theme in a poem. There are two types of movements that enhance the advancement of theme
i) Movement of the Psyche e.g. Repeating and singing
ii) Movement of Physic

Thus how we (poets) develop our themes to lead the world. We preserve our emotions in painted world. Our legacies are meant to change the world. So be the one too!!

1. on wiki answers
2. Theme, http://www.tripod.lycos. Com by Diana Lyn Lopez
3. S-cool the revision website, unseen poetry; A level English Literature